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Cellulose extraction from biomass

Project Overview

Cellulose is the most abundant naturally occurring reproducible organic compound and it is a major component in plants. The presence of cellulose in these fibres gave the energy needed to herbivorous animals through the breaking of cellulose chains and conversion to glucose. However, there is a possibility that cellulose present in animal food is not fully converted to glucose. Furthermore, there is also a possibility that the digestive systems of herbivorous animals or specifically, ruminants evolved in such a way that only the amorphous regions of the cellulose are broken down, which should result in nanocellulose to be present in animal faeces. Therefore, it should be possible to extract crystalline nanocellulose from the ruminants’ wastes. Ruminant wastes will be investigated to determine the viability of extracting crystalline cellulose or cellulose nanocrystals from the animal faeces. The main aim of this research project is to produce cellulose nanocrystals from agricultural animal waste and to demonstrate the ability of utilizing agricultural animal wastes in producing green composite materials.


Nurul Ain Mohd Kamal
PhD student

Prof. Alexander Bismarck



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